December 4 – 6, 2019
Renaissance Washington DC
May 15 – 18, 2020
(SUO dates TBD)
December 2 – 4, 2020
Publication date: June 2019
Source: Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations, Volume 37, Issue 6
Author(s): Samuel A. Gold, David J. VanderWeele, Stephanie Harmon, Jonathan B. Bloom, Fatima Karzai, Graham R. Hale, Shawn Marhamati, Kareem N. Rayn, Sherif Mehralivand, Maria J. Merino, James L. Gulley, Marijo Bilusic, Ravi A. Madan, Peter L. Choyke, Baris Turkbey, William Dahut, Peter A. Pinto
Using multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI), we sought to preoperatively characterize prostate cancer (PCa) in the setting of antiandrogen plus androgen deprivation therapy (AA-ADT) prior to robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). We present our preliminary findings regarding mpMRI depiction of changes of disease staging features and lesion appearance in treated prostate.
Prior to RARP, men received 6 months of enzalutamide and goserelin. mpMRI consisting of T2 weighted, b = 2,000 diffusion weighted imaging, apparent diffusion coefficient mapping, and dynamic contrast enhancement sequences was acquired before and after neoadjuvant therapy. Custom MRI-based prostate molds were printed to directly compare mpMRI findings to H&E whole-mount pathology as part of a phase II clinical trial (NCT02430480).
Twenty men underwent imaging and RARP after a regimen of AA-ADT. Positive predictive values for post-AA-ADT mpMRI diagnosis of extraprostatic extension, seminal vesicle invasion, organ-confined disease, and biopsy-confirmed PCa lesions were 71%, 80%, 80%, and 85%, respectively. Post-treatment mpMRI correctly staged disease in 15/20 (75%) cases with 17/20 (85%) correctly identified as organ-confined or not. Of those incorrectly staged, 2 were falsely positive for higher stage features and 1 was falsely negative. Post-AA-ADT T2 weighted sequences best depicted presence of PCa lesions as compared to diffusion weighted imaging and dynamic contrast enhancement sequences.
mpMRI proved reliable in detecting lesion changes after antiandrogen therapy corresponding to PCa pathology. Therefore, mpMRI of treated prostates may be helpful for assessing men for surgical planning and staging.
Author(s): Pao-Hwa Lin, William Aronson, Stephen J. Freedland
Prostate cancer (PCa) remains a leading cause of mortality in US and other countries. Preclinical and clinical studies have examined the role of nutrition and dietary intake on the incidence and progression of PCa with mixed results.
The objective of this chapter is to provide an update of recent published literature and highlight progress in the field.
Low carbohydrate intake, soy protein, ω3 fat, green teas, tomatoes and tomato products and the herbal mixture-zyflamend showed promise in reducing PCa risk or progression. On the contrary, a higher animal fat intake and a higher β-carotene status may increase risk. A “U” shape relationship may exist between folate, vitamin C, vitamin D and calcium with PCa risk. Conclusion Despite the inconclusive findings, the potential for a role of dietary intake for the prevention and treatment of PCa remains promising. Maintaining a healthy body weight and following a healthy dietary pattern including antioxidant rich fruits and vegetables, reduced animal fat and refined carbohydrates, should be encouraged.
Despite the inconclusive findings, the potential for a role of dietary intake for the prevention and treatment of PCa remains promising. Maintaining a healthy body weight and following a healthy dietary pattern including antioxidant rich fruits and vegetables, reduced animal fat and refined carbohydrates, should be encouraged.
Author(s): Osamah Al-Bayati, Aws Hasan, Deepak Pruthi, Dharam Kaushik, Michael A. Liss
To perform a systematic review of modifiable risk factors associated with the incidence of renal cell cancer (RCC). A systematic search of the literature was conducted using PubMed, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases from January 1996 until August 2017. We also extracted articles from the reference lists of identified studies and reviews. We targeted modifiable risk factors for RCC to include exercise, smoking, alcohol, diet, obesity, hypertension, and diabetes. We utilized predefined inclusion criteria and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis statement. We identified a total of 464 relevant articles and excluded 209 via title and 130 after abstract review. We thoroughly reviewed a total of 125 manuscripts. Seven supplementary tables describe (a) case controls and (b) prospective cohort studies. We summarize the tables in figures to visualize the overall impact of these studies association (beneficial, harmful, or null) with RCC. Total physical activity if beneficial (10/12 studies), smoking is harmful (13/14 studies), alcohol was protective (i.e., beneficial, 13/16 studies), diet was indeterminate (13 beneficial, 13 harmful, and 9 nulls), obesity and hypertension were overwhelmingly harmful (36/36 studies and 17/18, respectively), and diabetes was detrimental (23/27 studies). Modifiable risk factors play an essential role in the development of RCC, and we should develop targeted RCC prevention strategies in at-risk individuals.