December 4 – 6, 2019
Renaissance Washington DC
May 15 – 18, 2020
(SUO dates TBD)
December 2 – 4, 2020
Publication date: September 2019
Source: Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations, Volume 37, Issue 9
Author(s): Ellen Westhoff, Ellen Kampman, Katja K. Aben, Inge G. Hendriks, Johannes Alfred Witjes, Lambertus A. Kiemeney, Alina Vrieling
A healthy lifestyle may reduce the risk of non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) recurrence. The objective of this study was to obtain insight in whether NMIBC patients are aware of possible risk factors for (bladder) cancer, adhere to lifestyle recommendations for cancer prevention, received lifestyle advice from their physician, and what their attitudes are towards physicians giving lifestyle advice.
Patients with newly diagnosed NMIBC between 2014 and 2017 participating in the UroLife cohort study completed questionnaires at 6 weeks and 3 months after diagnosis about awareness of (bladder) cancer risk factors, adherence to lifestyle recommendations, reception of lifestyle advice, and attitudes towards physicians giving lifestyle advice.
A total of 969 NMIBC patients were included (response rate 46%). Most patients (89%) were aware that smoking is a risk factor for cancer, and knowledge of other risk factors for cancer varied between 29% (low fruit and vegetable consumption) and 67% (overweight). Adherence to cancer prevention recommendations varied between 34% (body weight) and 85% (smoking). Of the smokers, 70% reported they were advised to quit, and 36% quit smoking in the three months before or after diagnosis. Only 21% of all patients indicated they received other lifestyle advice. More than 80% of patients had a positive attitude towards receiving lifestyle advice from their physician.
These findings show that awareness of (bladder) cancer risk factors and adherence to cancer prevention lifestyle recommendations among NMIBC patients is low and that physicians’ information provision should be improved.
Author(s): Trevor J. Royce, Jason A. Efstathiou
Men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer have many curative treatment options including several different radiotherapeutic approaches. Proton radiation is one such radiation treatment modality and, due to its unique physical properties, offers the appealing potential of reduced side effects without sacrificing cancer control. In this review, we examine the intriguing dosimetric rationale and theoretical benefit of proton radiation for prostate cancer and highlight the results of preclinical modeling studies. We then discuss the current state of the clinical evidence for proton efficacy and toxicity, derived from both large claim-based datasets and prospective patient-reported data. The result is that the data are mixed, and clinical equipoise persists in this area. We place these studies into context by summarizing the economics of proton therapy and the changing practice patterns of prostate proton irradiation. Finally, we await the results of a large prospective randomized clinical trial currently accruing and also a large prospective pragmatic comparative study which will provide more rigorous evidence regarding the clinical and comparative effectiveness of proton therapy for prostate cancer.
Author(s): Robert T. Dess, Payal D. Soni, William C. Jackson, Alejandro Berlin, Brett W. Cox, Shruti Jolly, Jason A. Efstathiou, Felix Y. Feng, Amar U. Kishan, Bradley J. Stish, Thomas M. Pisansky, Daniel E. Spratt
Interstitial brachytherapy is one of several curative therapeutic options for the treatment of localized prostate cancer. In this review, we summarize all available randomized data to support the optimal use of prostate brachytherapy. Evidence from completed randomized controlled trials is the focus of this review with a presentation also of important ongoing trials. Gaps in knowledge are identified where future investigation may be fruitful with intent to inspire well-designed prospective studies with standardized treatment that focuses on improving oncological outcomes, reducing morbidity, or maintaining quality of life.